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4 Mainstream Prefabricated Building Systems: A Detailed Explanation

15 Mar, 2024

Prefabricated construction has gained significant traction in the construction industry due to its numerous advantages, including faster construction times, reduced waste, and improved quality control. As a leading manufacturer in this field, we offer a comprehensive overview of 10 prevalent prefabricated building systems, providing insights into their key features, technical details, and real-world applications.

1. Prefabricated Steel Structure:

Key features: Prefabricated steel structures are composed of prefabricated steel beams, columns, and other components that are assembled on-site. This system offers rapid construction, high strength-to-weight ratio, and recyclability.

Technical details: Cold-formed steel sections with precise CNC cutting and punching are employed for efficient assembly. Galvanization or other corrosion protection treatments are applied to ensure long-term durability.

Case study: We collaborated with a renowned architectural firm to prefabricate the steel structure for a high-rise office building. This approach achieved a 30% reduction in on-site construction time compared to traditional methods, contributing to significant cost savings and faster project completion.

Disadvantages: Fire protection performance needs to be strengthened and the cost is relatively high.

2. Prefabricated Wood Structure:

Key features: Prefabricated wood structures utilize prefabricated wooden components, such as beams, columns, and panels, that are assembled on-site. This system offers sustainability, design flexibility, and excellent thermal insulation properties.

Technical details: Finger-jointing technology is implemented to enhance the structural strength and dimensional stability of wooden components. Prefabrication of building elements, such as electrical wiring and plumbing, within the panels at the factory streamlines on-site assembly and reduces overall construction time.

Real-world application: We specialize in prefabricating single-family homes using sustainable, locally sourced wood. This method significantly reduces waste and construction time compared to conventional site-built methods, resulting in environmentally friendly and cost-effective housing solutions.

Disadvantages: Fire resistance needs to be strengthened and durability needs to be verified.

3. Light Steel Structure:

Key features: Light steel structures are composed of cold-formed steel sections with high strength-to-weight ratios, offering rapid construction, cost-efficiency, and easy expandability. This system is commonly used for warehouses, workshops, and agricultural buildings.

Technical details: We manufacture lightweight, cold-formed steel sections with precise dimensions and high strength. Optimized purlin and girt connection systems ensure efficient load transfer and structural stability. Anti-corrosion treatments are applied to guarantee long-term durability.

Real-world application: We are a leading manufacturer of light steel structures for various applications, including warehouses, workshops, and agricultural buildings. These structures offer rapid construction, cost-efficiency, and easy expandability, making them ideal for various industrial and agricultural needs.

Disadvantages: Fire resistance needs to be strengthened, and seismic performance needs to be verified.

4. Containerized Housing:

Key features: Containerized housing utilizes modified shipping containers as prefabricated building units. This system offers rapid deployment, affordability, and sustainability, making it suitable for temporary housing solutions in response to emergencies or disasters.

Technical details: We modify and retrofit shipping containers with appropriate insulation, ventilation, and utility connections to create functional and sustainable housing units. This process prioritizes energy efficiency and occupant comfort while ensuring the structural integrity of the container units.

Real-world application: In response to a humanitarian crisis, we rapidly deployed prefabricated containerized housing units to provide temporary shelter for displaced individuals. This approach provided immediate relief and essential living space to those affected by the crisis, demonstrating the effectiveness of containerized housing in emergency situations.

Disadvantages: The construction quality is average and the durability needs to be verified.

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