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Installation Technical Requirements for Container Houses

27 Jun, 2024

Container houses are a type of housing form that uses containers as the main components. They have the advantages of strong structure, quick installation, and convenient transportation, and have been widely used in recent years. The installation technical requirements of container houses are directly related to the safety and service life of the houses, so they must strictly abide by the relevant regulations and standards.

1. General Principles

The installation of container houses shall comply with the requirements of relevant national norms and standards.

The installation of container houses shall be carried out by units with corresponding qualifications.

The installation of container houses shall be carried out strictly in accordance with the construction drawings and construction plans.

The installation of container houses shall ensure safety, quality and progress.

2. Definitions of Terms

Container house: A type of housing form that is transformed after being mainly composed of containers.

Container: A large cargo container with a certain degree of strength, rigidity and specifications.

Foundation: The foundation part of the house, used to transmit the house load.

Main structure: The load-bearing structure of the house, including walls, columns, beams, and slabs.

Interior decoration: The decoration and equipment installation inside the house, including floors, walls, ceilings, doors and windows, water and electricity, etc.

3. Site Preparation

The installation site shall be solid and flat, with good drainage, and meet the load-bearing requirements of the container house.

The site shall be equipped with necessary power supply, water supply and drainage facilities.

According to the design scheme of the container house, the site foundation construction should be done well.

The construction of container house foundation should be carried out according to the following steps:

Site cleanup: Clean the foundation construction site and remove debris and silt.

Foundation pit excavation: Excavate the foundation pit according to the foundation design drawings.

Foundation treatment: Perform necessary treatment on the foundation, such as soil replacement, compaction, etc.

Foundation construction: The foundation shall be constructed according to the foundation design drawings.

Waterproof construction: Waterproof the foundation to prevent groundwater leakage.

Acceptance: Acceptance of foundation construction to ensure compliance with design requirements and construction quality standards.

4. Container Hoisting

Qualified hoisting equipment and technology shall be used for container hoisting to ensure safety during the hoisting process.

During the hoisting process, attention should be paid to avoid collision and overturning of containers.

When hoisting containers, slings or lifting beams should be used, and the containers should be fixed on the crane.

When hoisting containers, pay attention to the surrounding environment and avoid hitting obstacles.

5. Container Placement

Containers shall be placed in the designated positions according to the design scheme.

There should be a necessary gap between adjacent containers to meet the requirements of splicing and installation.

The container should be placed horizontally and fixed.

6. Container Connection

The connection of containers shall adopt the connection method and connecting pieces that meet the design requirements.

The connection shall be firm and reliable, and necessary waterproofing and sealing shall be carried out.

The main connection methods of containers are:

Angle steel connection: Use angle steel to connect the corners of adjacent containers.

Bolt connection: Use bolts to connect the wall panels of adjacent containers.

Welding connection: Use welding methods to connect adjacent containers.

7. Installation of Roof, Walls and Floors

The installation of roofs, walls and floors shall meet the design requirements and ensure waterproof,insulation, and sound insulation performance.

Roof, wall and floor materials shall have sufficient strength and durability.

The main installation methods of roofs, walls and floors are:

Panel installation: Lay the panels on the frame of the container and carry out waterproof,insulation, and sound insulation treatment.

Sandwich panel installation: Install the sandwich panel on the frame of the container. The sandwich panel has waterproof,insulation, and sound insulation performance.

Suspended ceiling installation: Install a suspended ceiling on the top of the container to achieve decoration and shielding.

8. Interior Decoration

Interior decoration shall meet the design requirements and comply with relevant fire protection, environmental protection and other regulations.

Interior decoration materials should be non-toxic, harmless and environmentally friendly.

The scope of interior decoration mainly includes:

Floor decoration: including floor leveling, laying of floor boards, etc.

Wall decoration: including wall plastering, painting, tile laying, etc.

Ceiling decoration: including installation of suspended ceilings, gypsum boards, etc.

Door and window installation: including installation of doors, windows, etc.

Water and electricity installation: including installation of water pipes, wires, sockets, switches, etc.

Other decorations: including installation of lamps, sanitary ware, kitchenware, etc.

9. Safety Inspection

The safety inspection should include the following contents:

Inspection of foundation.

Inspection of main structure.

Inspection of connecting parts.

Inspection of roof, walls, and floors for water tightness, insulation, and fire resistance.

Inspection of electrical systems for safety hazards.

10. Precautions

During the installation process, relevant local regulations and standards should be followed.

Pay attention to safety measures such as windproofing, fireproofing, and lightning protection.

Ensure civilized construction practices at the construction site.

By following these installation technical requirements, container houses can be built to be safe, durable, and comfortable living spaces. Remember, it is crucial to involve qualified professionals throughout the entire process to ensure a successful outcome.

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